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Balsu Lakshmanan Phones & Addresses

  • Troy, MI
  • Rochester Hills, MI
  • Pittsford, NY
  • Raleigh, NC
  • Columbia, SC
  • Guilderland, NY
  • West Columbia, SC

Publications

Us Patents

Strategies For Mitigating Cell Degradation During Start-Up And Shutdown With H2/N2 Storage

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US Patent:
7862942, Jan 4, 2011
Filed:
Jan 31, 2007
Appl. No.:
11/669893
Inventors:
John P. Salvador - Penfield NY,
Balsu Lakshmanan - Pittsford NY,
Abdullah B. Alp - West Henrietta NY,
David A. Arthur - Honeoye Falls NY,
Assignee:
GM Global Technology Operations, Inc. - Detroit MI
International Classification:
H01M 8/04
US Classification:
429429, 429408, 429428, 429483, 429492
Abstract:
A system and method for reducing cathode carbon corrosion during start-up of a fuel cell stack. If a long enough period of time has gone by since the last system shutdown, then both the anode side and the cathode side of the stack will be filled with air. If the system includes split sub-stacks, then a start-up sequence uses a fast hydrogen purge through each sub-stack separately so as to minimize the time of the hydrogen/air front flowing through the anode side of the stacks. The start-up sequence then employs a slow hydrogen purge through the sub-stacks at the same time. If the time from the last shutdown is short enough where a significant amount of hydrogen still exists in the cathode side and the anode side of the sub-stacks, then the fast hydrogen purge can be eliminated, and the start-up sequence proceeds directly to the slow hydrogen purge.

Ptc Element As A Self Regulating Start Resistor For A Fuel Cell Stack

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US Patent:
7935449, May 3, 2011
Filed:
Oct 16, 2006
Appl. No.:
11/549737
Inventors:
Benno Andreas-Schott - Pittsford NY,
Glenn W. Skala - Churchville NY,
Jeffrey A. Rock - Fairport NY,
Balsu Lakshmanan - Pittsford NY,
Robert S. Foley - Rochester NY,
Michael W. Murphy - Manchester NY,
Assignee:
GM Global Technology Operations LLC - Detroit MI
International Classification:
H01M 8/04
H01M 8/24
H01M 2/34
US Classification:
429433, 429428, 429430, 429432, 429452, 429453
Abstract:
At least one positive temperature coefficient element is used to efficiently control fuel cell voltage at startup and shutdown making the fuel cell more efficient and protecting the electro catalyst layer.

Method Of Mitigating Fuel Cell Degradation Due To Startup And Shutdown Via Hydrogen/Nitrogen Storage

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US Patent:
8492046, Jul 23, 2013
Filed:
Dec 18, 2006
Appl. No.:
11/612120
Inventors:
Paul Taichiang Yu - Pittsford NY,
Frederick T. Wagner - Fairport NY,
Glenn W. Skala - Churchville NY,
Balsu Lakshmanan - Pittsford NY,
John P. Salvador - Penfield NY,
Assignee:
GM Global Technology Operations LLC - Detroit MI
International Classification:
H01M 8/04
US Classification:
429443, 429429
Abstract:
A method of operating the fuel cell stack having an anode side and a cathode side by flowing hydrogen into the anode side and flowing air into the cathode side. The fuel cell produces electricity that is used to operate a primary electrical device. To shut down the stack in one embodiment, the primary electrical device is disconnected from the stack. The flow of air into the cathode side is stopped and positive hydrogen pressure is maintained on the anode side. The fuel cell stack is shorted and oxygen in the cathode side is allowed to be consumed by hydrogen. The inlet and outlet valves of the anode and the cathode sides are closed. Thereafter, the flow of hydrogen into the anode side is stopped and the flow of exhaust from the cathode side is stopped.

Manufacture Of Unitized Electrode Assembly For Pem Fuel Cells

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US Patent:
2006007, Apr 13, 2006
Filed:
Oct 7, 2004
Appl. No.:
10/960880
Inventors:
Seth Valentine - Livonia NY,
Ronald James - North Chili NY,
John Healy - Pittsford NY,
Balsu Lakshmanan - Rochester NY,
International Classification:
H01M 6/00
B05D 5/12
US Classification:
029623100, 427115000
Abstract:
A process for fabricating a unitized electrode assembly for a polyelectrolyte membrane is disclosed. The process includes providing a gas diffusion medium and a membrane electrode assembly, printing an adhesive on the gas diffusion medium, locating the gas diffusion medium relative to the membrane electrode assembly and pressing the gas diffusion medium and the adhesive against the membrane electrode assembly.

Method Of Making A Membrane Electrode Assembly Comprising A Vapor Barrier Layer, A Gas Diffusion Layer, Or Both

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US Patent:
2007014, Jun 21, 2007
Filed:
Nov 16, 2006
Appl. No.:
11/560454
Inventors:
Yeh-Hung Lai - Webster NY,
Po-Ya Chuang - Victor NY,
Sitima Fowler - Fairport NY,
Balsu Lakshmanan - Rochester NY,
Daniel Miller - Victor NY,
Assignee:
General Motors Corporation - Detroit MI
International Classification:
H01M 8/00
US Classification:
429012000
Abstract:
Methods of producing an electrochemical conversion assembly comprising an electrochemical conversion cell are provided. The electrochemical conversion cells which comprises a membrane electrode assembly, first and second flowfield portions defined on opposite sides of the membrane electrode assembly, and, at least one vapor barrier layer disposed between the membrane electrode assembly and at least one of the flowfield portions. The method further includes selecting a desired mass transfer coefficient MTC for the at least one vapor barrier layer of at least about 0.05 cm and optimizing one or more of the porosity, the tortuosity, and the thickness of the vapor barrier layer to produce the desired MTC in the vapor barrier layer.
Balsu Lakshmanan from Troy, MI, age ~46 Get Report